Diet to prevent diabetic nephropathy2017-01-24 15:19
Diet to prevent diabetic nephropathy
Kidney disease experts say early prevention and treatment of diabetic nephropathy, in the treatment of drugs at the same time, the same diet conditioning
Renal failure caused by diabetic nephropathy is 17 times higher than that of non diabetics, and is one of the main causes of death in patients with diabetes mellitus. The prevention and treatment of early diabetic nephropathy, in the treatment of drugs at the same time, the same diet conditioning, we recommend that you can choose fish, eggs, poultry, lean meat and other high-quality animal protein rich food.
Food protein can be pided into two categories: plant protein and animal protein. The main source of vegetable protein in cereals, root vegetables, dried fruits, nuts, animal protein mainly from fish, poultry, meat, eggs and milk.
It is worth mentioning that, in the plant protein, non essential amino acid content is high, the biological utilization rate is small, excessive intake will increase the burden on the kidney, the prevention and treatment of early diabetic nephropathy. The animal protein essential amino acid content is high, high utilization rate, good nutritional value, especially animal food in the milk, eggs, aquatic products, nutritional value of protein which is better, is conducive to the protection of the kidney. Therefore, the prevention and treatment of early diabetic nephropathy, in addition to the control of glucose metabolism disorders, the use of high-quality protein diet is also an essential measure.
Director General of the PLA General Hospital Department of Endocrinology professor Lu Juming reminder, in addition to a reasonable diet and food choices, drug control of blood sugar is still the key to prevention and reduction of early diabetic nephropathy. This is because the clinical diabetic nephropathy has been confirmed, it is irreversible, even if the blood glucose in the normal range can not prevent the progress of renal insufficiency, therefore, to control the blood sugar in the early stages of the disease in the ideal range.
Under the guidance of experienced physicians, according to the type and condition of diabetes to choose insulin and oral hypoglycemic drugs, as far as possible to make blood sugar to close to normal, glycosylated hemoglobin. In the early stage of diabetic nephropathy, strict control of diabetes can often reduce urinary protein excretion. Clinical diabetic nephropathy patients and patients with renal failure should be treated with insulin. But because of reduced renal degradation of insulin in renal failure patients as well as the lack of food intake, the patient needs to insulin often reduced, prone to hypoglycemia, some patients may be due to reduced peripheral insulin receptor sensitivity requires a large dose of insulin, so the dose must be adjusted according to inpidual circumstances.