Diabetic nephropathy can alleviate kidney problems2017-02-21 17:11
Diabetic nephropathy is one of the most important complications of diabetes mellitus. Because of its complex metabolic disorder, once the development of end-stage renal disease, often more difficult than the treatment of other renal diseases, so timely prevention and treatment of diabetic nephropathy is significant. A new study has found that a healthy diet, regular exercise, and moderate weight loss can help slow or prevent the development of chronic kidney disease in patients with diabetes.
Diabetic nephropathy can alleviate kidney problems
About 35% of adults in the United States have diabetes and a certain degree of kidney disease, according to William, the lead author of the study, Dr. C. Knowler, the main cause of kidney failure.
He said that the results of this study and many now popular match, emphasize the important significance of this intervention for weight loss in patients with diabetes, can also promote motivation from active weight loss in patients with diabetes mellitus. It is understood that Dr. Knowler is currently the National Institute of diabetes, digestive and kidney diseases, diabetes epidemiology and clinical research branch director.
Dr Knowler and his colleagues on the existing research data about lifestyle change effects on patients with diabetes were re investigated, there are more than 5 thousand patients with type 2 diabetes 45-76 years old obese Americans participated in the original study, they were divided into two groups, one group received diabetes education and support services. Another group through a diet low in calories and increase efforts to lose 7% of their weight in motion.
Dr. Knowler said that the weight-loss program does improve kidney disease in patients with diabetes, also brought to prevent depression, knee pain, urinary incontinence and helping patients to promote recovery after exercise effect on heart rate and other aspects of health.
How to treat diabetic nephropathy
Diabetic diet -- to ensure adequate calories and nutrition, but also restricts carbohydrate, fat and protein, so, if possible, should be under the guidance of dieticians, according to the condition, the adjustment of three meals a day. On the problem of long-term intake of protein by high protein diet, may aggravate kidney hyperfiltration, while increasing the production and retention of toxic nitrogen metabolites in vivo, resulting in further damage to renal function. Therefore, we believe that the appropriate amount of protein in the diet to reduce kidney damage. Some patients think, or do not eat meat, dairy products, eggs, vegetarian is a low protein diet, but less essential amino acids containing plant protein in vegetarian, can not meet the needs of the human body, long-term consumption may cause protein malnutrition, is not conducive to the recovery of renal function. How to limit protein intake to limit the total protein. In general, the daily diet of protein, in accordance with 0 6-0. 8 g / kg standard weight given, but also to improve the quality of the proportion of protein within the limits of the star.
In patients with diabetic nephropathy third, 4, while adhering to the principles of diabetes nutrition treatment at the same time, master the quality and quantity of daily protein intake, out of balance, it may be beneficial to the recovery of the kidney. For example: height 170 cm, the standard weight of 65 kg, urinary albumin of 80 mg / min is an early diabetic nephropathy. Therefore, the total amount of protein in the daily diet should be: 65 x 6-65 x 0 8=39 g ~52 g, high-quality protein should account for more than 25 grams. When the development of diabetic nephropathy to end-stage renal disease, protein restriction should be more stringent. Wheat starch diet was used as the main source of heat energy, instead of rice and flour. Because it contains a large amount of rice and flour and other staple foods in non high quality vegetable protein (each containing 4 grams of 50 grams), and plant protein content of wheat starch in little. However, due to the production of wheat starch is not easy, it can also be used to replace the current market sales of corn flour. This can save the amount of plant protein, animal protein supplement, which is more conducive to meet the physiological needs of the body.
Diabetic nephropathy can not eat what?
Your blood sugar 1, diabetic nephropathy is relatively high, so we should pay attention to easy to make blood sugar, such as sugar, brown sugar, sugar, glucose, maltose, honey, chocolate, candy, fruit candy, candied fruit, canned fruit, soft drinks, fruit juice, sweet drinks, jam, ice cream, cakes, cookies, sweet bread and sugar, cakes, eat as much as possible.
2, eat less food to elevated blood lipids, such as butter, suet, lard, butter, cream, fat, on cholesterol rich foods, should pay special attention to, should not or less, to prevent the occurrence of arteriosclerotic heart disease.
3, should not drink. Because the alcohol contained in the wine does not contain other nutrients can only heat energy, long-term drinking is harmful to the liver, but also easy to cause the increase in serum glycerin three fat. So, in order to your safety or not drink better.