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Health care of diabetic nephropathy

2017-01-13 17:53

First, nursing:

1 provide a quiet environment without infection.

2 to the patients and their families to explain the harm of diabetes, through the control of blood sugar can reduce the pathological changes of diabetic nephropathy.

3 patients pay attention to work and rest, without hypertension, edema is not obvious, without renal dysfunction,protein not many patients may be appropriate to participate in physical exercise to enhance physical fitness, prevention of infection; edema, high blood pressure patients or patients with renal insufficiency, on bed rest, give the corresponding nursing level according to the illness.

4 weight monitoring, 2 times a day, each time at the same time to wear the same clothes measurement.

5 record the amount of intake of 24 hours, limiting the intake of water, water intake should be controlled in theprevious day urine volume plus 500ml is appropriate.

6 to observe the changes of urine volume, color and character: there are obvious abnormal timely report to the doctor, at least weekly urine routine test and urine specific gravity 1 times.

7 to observe the changes of blood pressure, edema, urine volume, urine test and renal function in patients: such as oliguria, edema, hypertension, should be promptly reported to the competent physician to give the corresponding treatment.

8 pay attention to observe the change of patient consciousness, respiration, blood pressure and heart rate: note the premonitory symptoms of heart function insufficiency, hypertensive encephalopathy.

9 to observe the patient's biochemical indicators: To observe whether anemia, electrolyte disorders, acid-base imbalance, urea nitrogen rise. Report to the physician in case of abnormality.

10 guide the use of insulin with insulin on blood glucose and urine glucose dose.Two, therapeutic side:

1, ginkgo porridge Gorgon Gorgon 30 grams, ginkgo 10, 30 grams of rice. The gingko shelling and water. Gorgon, glutinous rice were boiled into porridge in the pot amount. This prescription can be used for treatment of patients with urine leakage, large amounts of urine protein excretion.

2, Astragalus porridge and Astragalus 30-60 grams, 60 grams of rice, Chenpi powder lO grams. The Astragalus fry 15 minutes to the residue, then add rice congee, porridge cooked add to peel at the end. This side can improve renal function, elimination of urine protein, enhance physical fitness.

3, black bean stew pork black beans 50 grams, 100 grams of lean meat. First put pork in the water, get angry boil,go to soup.

 

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