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The role of the kidneys in the human body

2017-12-09 17:23

According to the results of the International Association of Nephrology, only less than 5% of the public know the position and function of the kidney. In contrast, 500 million people around the world have been suffering from chronic kidney disease to varying degrees. Everyone knows that the kidney is a very important organ of the human body, and what is the role of the concrete kidneys in the body?

The role of the kidneys in the human body

A person has two kidneys at the junction of the back ribs and the spine. The kidney is a very important organ, the basic function has several aspects:

The kidneys can rid the body of excessive water, drink into the water to be discharged from the urine, every day we have two hundred litres of blood through the kidneys filter, finally produced 1.5 liters of foot some urine, this is the most basic function of the kidney, kidney and bear in the process of burden is very large.

The human body produces many metabolic wastes every day, which are also eliminated by the kidneys. The most basic function of the kidneys is to remove water and remove wastes. During the process of removing water and waste, kidney is a very important organ to adjust blood pressure, and at the same time, the balance of water and electrolyte and acid-base balance can be maintained through kidney.

Kidney is a very important endocrine organ. It can produce some hormones that make our red blood cells form erythropoietin. If the kidneys are sick, it is easy to anemia. This is also a very important function of kidney. At the same time, the kidney also produces substances that regulate blood pressure. In addition, the kidney plays an important role in the metabolism of insulin. It regulates the blood glucose level by adjusting insulin.

In the early stage of the disease, the kidney has great compensatory ability, and the patient can not have any symptoms. But if the renal function is damaged to a certain extent, for example, more than half of the normal, it will show various symptoms at this time.

 

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