Why does edema appear in nephrotic syndrome patients?2017-07-31 17:31
Nephrotic syndrome is a group of glomerular diseases in clinical syndrome, and it is not an independent disease, proteinuria is characteristic of nephrotic syndrome, caused by glomerular filtration membrane damage. It may be a primary nephrotic syndrome or secondary nephrotic syndrome. Nephrotic syndrome in most adults and children is primary and secondary nephrotic syndrome in China is the most common cause of systemic lupus erythematosus, Henoch Schonlein purpura, and diabetes mellitus.
The nephrotic syndrome is characterized by high edema, high proteinuria, hypercholesterolemia, and hypoproteinemia. Symptoms of nephrotic syndrome are often an important aspect of nephrotic syndrome in patients with early stage nephrotic syndrome. The symptoms of nephrotic syndrome are more obvious than those of other nephrotic symptoms and are easily detected by the patient. In addition to the routine examination revealed renal disease, nephrotic syndrome and the attention from what experts say, understand the nephrotic syndrome symptoms, careful observation of their own physical changes is an important aspect of nephrotic syndrome.
Edema of the body is the most obvious symptom of nephrotic syndrome. The occurrence and severity of edema were positively correlated with the degree of hypoproteinemia. It is called renal edema, which is caused by excessive proteinuria. Another reason is the decline in glomerular filtration, and renal tubular reabsorption of sodium and water is still good, which leads to sodium retention, interstitial water in retention, mild eyelid and facial edema, or severe systemic edema and pleural effusion and ascites. Mainly seen in nephritis edema. Almost all nephrotic syndrome patients have varying degrees of edema, swelling lasting for weeks or months, or swelling throughout the course of the disease. Infection often causes edema, swelling, or recurrence, and may even occur in the presence of nitrogen. At this time, often manifested anorexia, nausea, vomiting, abdominal distension and other gastrointestinal dysfunction symptoms.
Patient with severe edema such as nephrotic syndrome or systemic edema of lower limbs, refractory, will seriously affect the work and life. Get rid of nephrotic syndrome, do not blindly go with the lifting of edema. The key is to repair the damaged glomerular cells and eliminate edema fundamentally.