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What are the complications of nephrotic syndrome in children?

2017-08-04 15:46

Children with nephrotic syndrome are common in aged 3-6 years, and the most prominent feature of children is edema. Nephrotic syndrome in children is extremely harmful to the health of children. If it is not treated early, it also causes some serious complications. What are the common complications of nephrotic syndrome in children?

1, lack of trace elements. Because children from urine loss of zinc binding protein, transferrin and so on, resulting in zinc deficiency, lack of copper and iron deficiency; long-term use of hormones can lead to renal osteodystrophy and growth retardation.

2, dysfunction of renal tubules. Complicated renal tubular dysfunction can cause a variety of material transport disorders, such as diabetes, amino acid urine, potassium increase in urine, urine concentration decreased function.

3, malnutrition. Because children with nephrotic syndrome with long-term loss of a large number of protein in the urine, and the patient's diet to limit salt will lead to children with anorexia, if not timely supplement of protein and other nutrients will lead to malnutrition in children.

4, hypovolemic shock and acute renal failure. Because of renal interstitial edema or renal tubular obstruction, acute renal vein thrombosis, low blood volume formation and other factors, children may suffer from pre renal acute renal failure. Some children because of low blood volume, once into the shortage, infection, vomiting and diarrhea cause, prone to hypovolemic shock. If the long-term use of large doses of hormones, once stopped, can show "adrenal crisis."".

The above is a common complication of nephrotic syndrome in children, parents and friends must pay attention to it, once the children suffering from nephrotic syndrome must take their child to a regular hospital, and do well nursing measures, and actively cooperate with medical treatment, to prevent complications of children.

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