Causes, symptoms and prevention of uremia2018-02-09 16:50
Causes of uremia:
Primary nephropathy. At present in the investigation found that there are about 78% patients are caused by primary nephropathy. Now because of the living environment and the active use of antibiotic drugs, because of the chronic nephritis caused by infection, the causes of this uremia have been reduced.
The direct outcome of 30% of diabetics is diabetes uremia. Due to insufficient insulin secretion in the body, diabetes patients have a disorder of glucose and lipid metabolism, and in high glucose state, glomerular capillary endothelial cells are damaged. It causes inflammatory reaction in the kidney, which involves renal tubules and renal interstitium, causes glomerulosclerosis, renal tubule and interstitial fibrosis, and gradually loses the function of stage, and finally causes uremia.
15% of the hypertensive patients turn directly to uremia. Hypertension causes uremia to be a long-term condition of high pressure, which increases the pressure of the glomerular entering arterioles, causing intra-ball pressure, and resulting in damage to the endothelial cells of the capillaries. Initiate the process of renal fibrosis.
According to the statistical data, the incidence of urinary tract infection was 0.233.The incidence of urinary tract infection was 2.37.The study showed that about 25% of the patients with renal failure were related to the nephrotoxicity of the drug.
Prevention of uremia
Strengthening physique: the most important measure to prevent kidney disease is to strengthen physical exercise and enhance the disease resistance of the body.
Prevention of infection: to prevent the onset of nephritis, we should pay attention to the changes of cold and warm weather, should avoid going out on rainy days, avoid sweating when the wind, wading in the rain, wearing wet clothes, always guard against the invasion of exogenous pathogens.
Daily life regularly: develop good living habits, very important for health. Because of irregular life, insufficient sleep, overeating, excessive alcoholism, easy labor, can reduce the body's resistance to external pathogens, increase the chance of illness.
Early treatment: it is necessary to treat the disease early. Keep the lower shade clean, change clothes frequently, can prevent urinary tract infection; keep defecation unobstructed, regular defecation, is conducive to the removal of metabolic waste.
Being cautious in the use of nephrotoxic drugs: aminoglycoside antibiotics such as gentamicin, kanamycin, streptomycin, and amikacin, polymyxin, tetracycline, vancomycin, diamphenicol B, precursor 2 and other antibiotics have certain renal toxicity. Or easily cause kidney damage, so try not to.