How should be uremia diet made in china2017-09-11 16:04
Uremic patients how to arrange the uremia diet? The following kidney specialists will help you analyze.
What are the symptoms of uremia during the attack? According to his symptoms to arrange diet points, make the appropriate diet guidance.
1, general symptoms: pale, weak, thin.
2, gastrointestinal manifestations: the earliest and most prominent manifestation of the disease include anorexia, abdominal discomfort, followed by nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, glossitis, oral ulcer, breath smell of urine, late can cause gastrointestinal bleeding
And the emergence of melena and hematemesis.
3, the spirit, the nervous system: headache, dizziness, trance, apathy, lethargy, drowsiness, coma and even. Restlessness, muscle tremors, convulsions, seizures are also common in later stages.
4, cardiovascular system: high blood pressure, arrhythmia; late also fibrinous pericarditis and heart failure.
5, hematopoietic system: severe anemia, bleeding symptoms can be advanced.
6, respiratory system performance: acid poisoning when breathing deep and long. Late can cause uremic bronchitis, pneumonia and pleurisy.
7, skin manifestations: skin, dry desquamation without china. Urea from sweat glands after discharge, can be cemented white urea cream, and can stimulate the skin and itching.
8, metabolic acidosis and acid-base imbalance caused by symptoms
Several principles of uremic diet:
One, carry on dialysis
The patient should not be too strict restriction of protein intake, on the one hand, dialysis instead of renal excretory function, on the other hand, dialysis itself is a process of consumption and loss of protein, so the hemodialysis patients in the diet to maintain protein in 1.0-1.2 grams per kilogram of body weight per day, dialysis patients peritoneal should be 1.2 ~ 1.5 grams.
Two, what general uremia diet should pay attention to, to ensure energy intake. If insufficient protein intake, will lead to muscle myofibrillar decomposition reduced; if the protein and calorie intake are insufficient, in order to ensure the energy supply of vital organs, the protein synthesis reduced and muscle protein degradation increased, serum creatinine
Three, treatment not in dialysis stage of uremia patients, should be given high quality low protein diet, on the one hand can reduce the symptoms of uremia, on the other hand, can delay the progressive deterioration of renal function in chronic renal failure. It is generally believed that daily intake 0.5 grams per kilogram of body weight, can maintain the balance of nitrogen. Such as the addition of essential amino acids, the protein can be limited to lower.
Four, uremia diet should pay attention to the following points:
1, the amount of water and sodium intake should be limited to limit the amount of urine, the average daily amount is less than 3 grams of salt. Obvious edema, high blood pressure, heart failure should be strictly controlled sodium intake, usually less than 1 to 2 grams per day.
2, according to the level of blood and urine potassium to control the intake of potassium, so that it is less than 2.5 grams a day of 1000 ml urine, can increase by 1 grams of potassium intake.
3, daily calcium supplement 1.2 ~ 1.5 grams, the daily intake of phosphorus controls in the 0.9 ~ 1.2 grams. Diet should pay attention to the supply of foods rich in vitamin B and C, should also be appropriate to add trace elements zinc and iron.
The above is the diet guidance made by kidney disease experts, it is very important to achieve a reasonable diet in the symptoms of uremia.