The treatment of uremia is very important2017-01-24 15:19
The treatment of uremia is very important. But at the same time if we can adjust diet, will get twice the result with half the effort.
1, uremia patients how to arrangement of three meals a day diet
As: (1) breakfast can choose fresh 100 ml of milk and 50 g sugar, or a bowl of lotus root starch and sugar water, add wheat starch cookies for several blocks, or Fried potatoes a few, or eggs. Appropriate, lotus seed, red jujube, etc. Some people like to add some baked sweet potatoes, raisins, chicken, potato and so on also can.
(2) lunch staple: can choose wheat starch steamed bread, cake, dumplings, steamed buns, wonton, etc.
(3) dinner staple food: choose the same as the lunch staple food.
2, uremia patients should be reasonable intake of vegetables and fruits
Patients with kidney disease, if general urine normal, no less urine and kidney failure, should eat more vegetables, fruits, in order to supply adequate vitamin. Such as when a patient is reduced the volume of urine, especially when less than 500 ml per day, will be selectively eat vegetables and fruit. Because of containing potassium rich in vegetables, fruits, less urine and kidney disease patients, the serum potassium levels were elevated. Hyperkalemia, which can lead to cardiac arrest, life-threatening.
Fruits, vegetables and cereals are foods rich in potassium, potassium higher fruit is watermelon, banana, pineapple, mango, jujube, melons, etc.; Of potassium is higher in vegetables are amaranth and spinach, celery, carrots, bamboo shoots, potato and so on. In oliguria stage kidney patients should eat less, if after the use of diuretics, potassium is low, can eat, fresh fruit juices contain rich potassium, in particular, can be used as oral potassium supplement.
Hami melon is rich in potassium, every 100 grams of meat contains about 250 milligrams of potassium. Potassium ion content is exorbitant, can contribute to heart disease, a slow heart beat (bradycardia) and ery low conduction block and so on, life threatening. Renal failure, glomerular filtration rate decreased, renal tubular function is reduced, potassium metabolism disorder, not timely excess potassium eduction body outside, result in hyperkalemia. Therefore, patients with renal failure, unfavorable eat cantaloupe.
3, how to limit salt intake in uremia diet
No matter what kind of kidney disease, as long as there is edema, have to limit salt intake. Edema, obviously, the daily limit below 1 g, serious or even require salt-free diet. To be reduced the volume of urine protein, edema, relieve, salt can be appropriately increased, but also should not more than 5 grams a day. The purpose of low salt diet is to reduce the water and sodium retention in the body, make the edema subsided and blood pressure to drop.
Daily 1 ~ 2 g of salt (a small cover full of toothpaste is about 1 g), don't have to put in dish, because in the dish is basically tasteless, to change how to eat. In the morning but sweet; At noon to 1 g of salt in the dab, dip in with food to eat. So, 1 intake of total amount, but can taste salty, can stimulate appetite. But beware, low salt diet, can't eat pickles, pickles, preserved szechuan pickle and salty bread, Fried dough sticks, etc, also cannot eat laver, rape, spinach, fennel, celery, lily flower, radish, etc. Because these foods every hundred grams of sodium content is higher. These food to eat many, it is equal to the salt increased.
4, do not eat what meat renal failure patients
Renal failure patients, protein intake should be limited. Because of its metabolism in the body can produce some nitrogenous waste, and through the kidney with the urine. Kidney failure (oliguria stage), reduced the volume of urine, waste discharge, the accumulation of these wastes are prone to uremia. Such as field chicken, ham, chicken, pigeon, quail and finches meat meat contains high protein, such as unfavorable feed more.
5, uremia with unfavorable eat what sea (water) products
Chronic nephritis due to urinary protein loss is more, in the renal function is good, the blood of the nonprotein nitrogen concentration is not high, can be added a lot of protein. When uremia, shall be accompanied by a reduction in the urine, should eat high protein food, otherwise, what will happen when food uremia. Protein content is higher, therefore, of the sea (water) products, such as sea cucumber, dace, fish, yellow croaker, tiger fish, fish and other unfavorable feed more.