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Complications of renal failure and dialysis

2017-01-24 17:02

Complications of renal failure and dialysis

Often associated with hypertension, anemia, heart failure, cardiomyopathy, pericarditis, disorders of water and acid-base imbalance, renal osteodystrophy, fracture, infection.

In addition to the above system complications, chronic renal failure dialysis patients can also have the following complications:

1 aluminum poisoning: Patients with end-stage renal disease treated with conventional dialysis are prone to concurrent aluminum poisoning.

2 dialysis related amyloidosis: dialysis related amyloidosis (DRA) is a form of bone and joint disease seen in patients with long-term dialysis. The clinical symptoms and incidence were closely related to the duration of dialysis.

3 changes of trace elements: the effect of renal failure and dialysis on the metabolism of trace elements greatly, they accumulated in various parts of the body can cause toxic reaction.

(1) aluminum: see aluminum poisoning.

(2) copper: plasma levels of copper in patients with chronic renal failure without dialysis were normal, but also slightly lower.

(3) zinc: chronic renal failure eating low protein diet and nephrotic syndrome, a large number of urinary protein loss of zinc content is often very low.

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