Do you pay attention to renal function in patients with chronic kidney disease?2017-12-29 17:20
Patients with chronic kidney disease often have no impression of renal function in the early stages, focusing on symptoms and laboratory tests, neglecting the most important "renal function" and may be somewhat late when they are aware of kidney-related problems.
Renal function refers to the excretion of metabolic waste in the body to maintain the body's sodium, potassium, calcium and other electrolyte stability and acid-base balance function, renal function tests, including serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, blood and urine β2-microglobulin, urinary white Protein, urine immunoglobulin G, urine secreted immunoglobulin A and the like. When chronic kidney disease occurs, various symptoms and complications should develop due to an abnormal renal function caused by a substantial renal lesion.
Chronic kidney disease is generally divided into acute and chronic, here we usually talk about chronic kidney disease, chronic renal failure caused by a variety of causes of chronic kidney disease developed to a group of clinical syndromes. According to the degree of renal impairment will be divided into four chronic renal failure: decreased renal reserve, asymptomatic patients. Renal insufficiency compensated. Renal decompensation, patients with fatigue, loss of appetite and anemia. Uremia stage, uremic symptoms.
Some underlying diseases that cause renal failure are reversible after treatment, even if it is slightly improved, but also can improve renal function in varying degrees. In addition, to correct some of the reversible factors that aggravate renal failure, renal function can also be improved.
Prevention of renal failure measures:
Prevention can lead to various primary diseases of chronic renal failure: If you want to prevent colds and various infections on weekdays, take part in physical exercise, enhance physical fitness, prevent the occurrence of acute and chronic nephritis; pay attention to health, eat less spicy greasy food, and more Drinking water, urinary tract infection prevention Eat more vegetarian diet, low salt, low fat, less smoking, less alcohol, prevention of hypertension, coronary heart disease, arteriosclerosis and other diseases.
Active treatment of the primary disease: In general, hypertensive patients to control blood pressure below 120 / 8omm Hg, the ideal blood pressure, help to protect the heart, brain and kidney. Diabetes patients to control blood sugar, fasting blood glucose control in 6.lmmol / L, postprandial blood glucose control in 9.0mmol / L, to prevent the occurrence of complications, to prevent renal failure. In addition, in the event of renal failure, but also to control the rate of progress, delay into uremia time. More kidney disease knowledge and disease treatment guidance add the following micro channel.
Once the patient developed renal failure: the best treatment of traditional Chinese and Western medicine to prevent a variety of serious complications of uremia. Oral medicine and enema can make toxins discharged from the stool, reduce symptoms, reduce serum creatinine and urea nitrogen, reduce patient pain, improve patient quality of life, reduce medical costs.